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WHAT CONGRESS AND GANDHI HAVE DONE TO THE UNTOUCHABLES - 1 - Chapter 1 Summary "A STRANGE EVENT" by DR. BR Ambedkar

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WHAT CONGRESS AND GANDHI HAVE DONE TO THE UNTOUCHABLES - 1 - Chapter 1 Summary "A STRANGE EVENT" by DR. BR Ambedkar

Post  Admin on Sun Mar 13, 2011 1:25 pm

WHAT CONGRESS AND GANDHI HAVE DONE TO THE UNTOUCHABLES - by Dr. B R Ambedkar - Part 1

Chapter 1 summary

A STRANGE EVENT


Turning to the second question as to why no Congress President has retired to the question of Social Reform in his presidential address after 1895, the answer is that before 1895 there were two schools among Congressmen on the issue of social reform versus political reform. The viewpoint of one school was that expressed by Mr. Dadabhai Naoroji, Mr. Budruddin Tyabji and Mr. Surrendranath Bannerjee. The viewpoint of the other school was that expressed by Mr. W. C. Banerjee. The former did recognise the need of social reform but thought that the Congress Session was not the proper platform for it. The latter denied that there was need for social reform and challenged the view that there cannot be political reform without social reform. Though the two schools within the Congress were fundamentally opposed to each other, they had not upto 1895 developed a spirit of antagonism and intolerance towards each other.

In 1895 when the Congress met in Poona, this Anti-Social Reform section rebelled and threatened to burn the Congress panda if the Congress allowed it to be used by the Social Conference. This opposition to the Social Conference was headed by no other person than the late Mr. Tilak one of those social tones and political radicals with which India abounds and who was the father of the slogan " Swaraj is my birthright" which is now seen blazoned on Congress banners.

Of the two schemes, the Congress was interested in seeing that its own scheme was accepted by His Majesty's Government. The Congress with that purpose in view was keen on giving the Congress-League scheme the status and character of a National Demand. This could happen only if the scheme had the backing of all communities in India. In as much as the Muslim League had accepted the scheme, the problem of securing the backing of the Muslim Community did not arise. Next in numbers came the Depressed Classes, Though not as well organised as the Muslims, they were politically very conscious as their Resolutions show. Not only were they politically conscious but they were all along anti-Congress. Indeed in 1895 when Mr. Tilak's followers threatened to bum the Congress pandal if its use was allowed to the Social Conference for ventilating social wrongs, the Untouchables organised a. demonstration against the Congress and actually burned its effigy. This antipathy to the Congress has continued ever since. The resolutions Passed by both the meetings of the Depressed Classes held in Bombay in 1917 give ample testimony to the existence of this antipathy in the minds of the Depressed Classes towards the Congress. The Congress while anxious to get the support of the Depressed Classes to the Congress-League scheme of Reforms knew very well that it had no chance of getting it “As the Congress did not then practice—it had not learned it then—the art of corrupting people as it does now, it enlisted the services of the late Sir Narayan Chandavarkar, an Ex-President of the Congress. As the President of the Depressed Classes Mission Society he exercised considerable influence over the Depressed Classes. It was as a result of his influence and out of respect for him that a section of the Depressed Classes agreed to give support to the Congress” League Scheme,

Note: Untouchables by constitution of India are called as Schedule Castes (SC) and Schedule Tribes (ST) in India

Chapter 2 - http://mooknaayak.forumotion.com/t24-what-congress-and-gandhi-have-done-to-the-untouchables-chapter-2-summary-a-shabby-show-part-1-congress-abandons-its-plan-by-dr-br-ambedkar#29

To read complete Chapter or book or more literature of DR. BR Ambedkar click / http://drambedkarbooks.wordpress.com/dr-b-r-ambedkar-books

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काँग्रेस और गाँधी ने अछूतों के लिए क्या किया? : लेखक: डा बी आर आंबेडकर : यह पुस्तक अवश्य पढने योग्य है. मात्र इस पुस्तक को पढने से न सिर्फ आप भारत की राजनीती को समझते हैं बल्कि यह पुस्तक आपके मस्तिक्षक को इतना विकसित कर देगी जिससे कि न सिर्फ आपको भारत में बदलती राजनीती को समझने में मदद मिलेगी बल्कि आप में यह सामर्थ्यता भी आएगी है कि आप खुद को देश कि राजनैतिक व्यवस्था में किस प्रकार दिशा देते हैं. बाबा साहेब जी द्वारा लिखी यह एक ऐतिहासिक और दुर्लभ राजनैतिक कृति है. - निखिल सबलाणिया

हिंदी में यह पुस्तक मंगवाने के लिए संपर्क करे :
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