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Dalits In Coalition Politics EmptyMon May 20, 2019 3:36 pm by nikhil_sablania

» Books of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar with Gulamgiri by Jyotiba Phule in English
Dalits In Coalition Politics EmptyMon May 20, 2019 3:34 pm by nikhil_sablania

» Books of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar with Gulamgiri by Jyotiba Phule in English
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» डॉ भीमराव अम्बेडकर के साहित्य के साथ गर्मियों की छुट्टियाँ बिताएं
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» आसानी से प्राप्त करें व्यवसाय और निवेश की शिक्षा
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» ग्रामीण छात्र को भाया डॉ भीमराव अम्बेडकर का सन्देश: कहा व्यवसायी बनूंगा
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Dalits In Coalition Politics EmptyMon Oct 27, 2014 1:57 pm by nikhil_sablania


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Dalits In Coalition Politics Empty Dalits In Coalition Politics

Post  nikhil_sablania on Fri May 13, 2011 7:16 am

Dalits In Coalition Politics

Dalits and their coalition in Indian politics is a matter of great concern for Indian democracy and for Dalits themselves. Because it is not merely a coalition of two political groups, but rather a coalition of a once servile class with another class that has always governed and ruled the former. If such coalitions are formed, their objectives cannot be like objectives of other political groups or parties. Such coalitions need to have two objectives- firstly to improve the lives of Dalits, not only in terms of annual income but also in terms of education, their participation in the executive, administration, business and trade, ownership of land and other resources etc, to bring them equal to the privileged classes of India and secondly, propagation of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s ideology.

But since the provision of reserved seats for Dalits in 1933 by means of communal reward at Round Table Conference, Dalits have been always cheated, exploited and neglected as they were before the communal reward. The first denial and attack on their genuine demand for separate electorates was the hunger strike by M. K. Gandhi, opposing separate political representation of Dalits. This ended with Poona Pact where Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was forced by Gandhi and the Congress party to sign it. With the signing of Poona pact, the Dalits lost their long lasting battle for freedom and equality. Their demands for separate electorates (see meaning of separate electorates system at the end of this article), and minimum number of candidates in a constituency were crushed by M.K. Gandhi’s hunger strike. What Dalits got were reserved seats in which Hindus and others can also vote for a reserved candidate. This turned the battle in the enemy's favor. Now, there are reserved seats, but at the same time there are parties like Congress, BJP, Shiv Sena, or Samajwadi Party that can win by money, muscle and media power and with the votes of upper caste Hindus and their allies going to the candidate nominated by them, rather than to the candidate who is genuine to the cause of his community. Also, such powerful parties support as many dummy candidates as they can to reduce the number of votes for this genuine candidate who is serious for the cause of Dalits and is not aligned with any such party.

M.K. Gandhi’s public reason for opposing separate electorates was that it would bring Hindus closer to Dalits for the votes, and vice a versa, thus create a caste less society. But there had been hardly any time when Hindus approached Dalits to get their votes and caste system is still prevalent and as much a part of Indian society as it was thousands of years back (with a few exceptions of inter-caste dine, working and traveling together in the same office, traveling in the same public transport and rare inter-caste marriages, mainly Dalit girls marrying privileged caste Hindu boys).

What Hindu parties like Congress, BJP, Shiv Sena, or Samajwadi Party do is to nominate their candidate from the reserved seat and divert money, muscle and media power to assure his victory. Such candidate has to be loyal to the ideologies of such parties. Thus such candidate even being a Dalit and contributing to form the government in a state or the center, remains mute, deaf and blind towards the cause of Dalits. He gets the political reservation to contest from a certain constituency because of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, but spreads the ideologies of Ambedkar’s opponents like Congress, BJP, RSS and VHP and participates in all foul policy making to keep Dalits servile and low in the society by avoiding their genuine needs.

If any Dalit party during all these years has stood independent on its own ideology to form government in a state than it is the BSP. But even though being in power in the legislative assembly, the party couldn’t win from the Hindus and their allies in judiciary, media, and a part of collective norm of society. Every time the party made coalitions, it was cast off by other parties because it tried to work towards the real cause of the Dalits. Other Dalit political parties like ‘Bharipa Bahujan Maha Sangh’ lead by Prakash Yashwant Ambedkar (grandson of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar) and ‘RPI’ (Republican Party of India) lead by Ramdas Athvale (both these split from a single party - RPI), ‘Justice Party Of India’ led by Dr. Udit Raj, ‘Ambedkar Samaj Party’ led by Bhai Tej Singh etc have fallen prey to the general electorate system and the money-muscle-media power of Non-Dalit political parties.

So, here we have a strange situation. Seats were reserved for the cause of a particular deprived community but independent
candidates who are genuine to the cause of the people of this community find it hard to win against a candidate from other
hardliner Hindu parties and their allies such as Congress, BJP, Shiv Sena and Samajwadi Party. Thus the whole system of general
election is bogus and ineffective for Dailts and what really need is to implement the separate electorates system and minimum number of candidate for a reserved constituency, to four. Unless such reserved seats are brought under a separate electorates system, it would remain easy for the upper caste parties, to hack the Indian democracy, to maintain the servile social position of Dalits and worst of all, to continue elimination and exclusion of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s ideology and propagate Brahamanical-Hindu ideology in reserved constituencies, ideologies that are harmful not only to Dalits but for the whole nation.

A final word I like to give to Dalits is that never join Congress and BJP or any other Hindu party. My words can be understood if one reads Dr. B.R. Ambedkar's book "What Congress and Gandhi Have Done to the Untouchables." About coalition, Dalits can hardly do anything for them unless electoral reforms are implemented.

Separate Electorates System

Separate Electorates are Communal Electorates. They are designed to give representation to specified Communities, namely, Muslims, Indian Christians, Europeans and Anglo-Indians. The voters of each of these Communities in a given area are grouped into one Electorate, separate from the rest. They elect a voter of their Community as their representative exclusively by their own votes. The governing feature of a separate electorate is that in an election through a separate electorate only voters of a Community can vote and stand for election. If it is a Muslim Electorate the voter and the candidate must be a Muscle-man; if it is a Christian, Electorate the voter and the candidate must be a Christian and so on. The election is decided by a majority of votes cast by voters of the particular community.


*Note: If anyone can translate this article in Hindi or any other Indian language by google type pad, mail me at

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